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Article online: 2020-6-4

Article
Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom)

Ahmed Abdrabou* , Gilan M. Sultan, Mohamed Abd Elkader, Hussein M. Kamal

Wood Conservation Laboratory, Grand Egyptian Museum - Conservation Center (GEM.CC), Remaya Sq.,12572 Giza, Egypt

* ahmed_abdrabou87@yahoo.com

Abstract

The inclusion of couches as basic artefacts of ritual use in ancient Egyptian royal tombs first emerged in the New Kingdom; these are very rare objects, and very little information is available concerning the timber used to make them. To address this knowledge gap the present paper deals with the identification of wood from parts of ancient Egyptian ritual couches from King Horemheb's tomb using reflected light microscopy as a non-invasive analytic technique. Although these couches are from a royal tomb, our results show that the four identified wood species (Cedar of Lebanon, Sycamore fig, Tamarisk and Christ's thorn) are among the most common timbers found in ancient Egypt. This confirms that the shortage of timber in ancient Egypt forced the use of the few available timbers for specific purposes, according to their properties, and led the Egyptian carpenters to use large logs from external sources, such as cedar of Lebanon, confirming trading of wood in ancient Egypt.

Keywords

King Horemheb
Ritual couches
Wood identification
Cedar of Lebanon
Christ's thorn

Language

English

DOI

10.14568/cp2019038

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Abdrabou, S.; Sultan, G. M.; Elkader, M. A.; Kamal, H. M., 'Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom)', Conservar Património (volume no prelo), https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019038.

APA:
Abdrabou, A., Sultan, G. M., Elkader, M. A., & Kamal, H. M. (volume no prelo). Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom). Conservar Património. DOI:10.14568/cp2019038.

Chicago:
Abdrabou, Ahmed, Gilan M. Sultan, Mohamed Abd Elkader, and Hussein M. Kamal. volume no prelo. "Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom)." Conservar Património. doi:10.14568/cp2019038.

NP405:
ABDRABOU, Ahmed [et al.] – Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom). Conservar Património. volume no prelo.

ABNT:
ABDRABOU, Ahmed et al. Non-invasive wood identification on parts of King Horemheb's ritual couches (New kingdom). Conservar Património, Lisboa, volume no prelo. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019038>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2019-10-11
Revised: 2020-3-12
Accepted: 2020-3-16
Online: 2020-6-4

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Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019038

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